Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain is the pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin. This is often referred to as the stomach region or belly.


Almost everyone has pain in the abdomen at some point. Most of the time, is not serious.

How’s your pain does not always reflect the seriousness of the condition causing the pain.

For example, you will have very bad abdominal pain if you have gas or stomach cramps due to viral gastroenteritis.

However, life-threatening conditions such as colon or early appendicitis, can only cause mild pain or no pain.

Other ways to describe pain in the abdomen include:

  • Widespread pain: this means that you feel more than half of your belly. This type of pain is more typical of a stomach virus, indigestion or gas. If the pain becomes more severe, it may be caused by a blockage of the intestines.
  • Localized pain: this is pain in only one area of ​​the belly. It is more likely a sign of a problem in an organ, like the appendix, gallbladder or stomach.
  • Cramp-like pain: This type of pain is not serious most of the time. It is likely to be due to bloating and gas and is often followed by diarrhea. More worrisome signs include pain that occurs more often, lasts 24 hours or occurs with fever.
  • Colic pain: this pain comes in waves. Very often it begins and ends suddenly and is often severe. Kidney stones and gallstones are common causes of this type of belly pain.

Many different conditions can cause abdominal pain. The key is knowing when you need to get immediate medical attention. Sometimes you only need to call a doctor if symptoms persist.

Less serious causes of abdominal pain include:

  • Constipation
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Allergies or intolerance (eg lactose intolerance)
  • Food Poisoning
  • Stomach flu

Other possible causes include:

  • Appendicitis
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm (bulging and weakening of the main artery of the body)
  • Intestinal obstruction or blockage
  • Stomach cancer, colon (large intestine) and other organs
  • Cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) with or without gallstones
  • Reduced blood supply to the intestines (bowel ischemia)
  • Diverticulitis (inflammation and infection of the colon)
  • Heartburn, indigestion, or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis)
  • Kidney stones
  • Pancreatitis (inflammation or infection of the pancreas)
  • Ulcers

Sometimes, abdominal pain May Occur due to a problem somewhere else in your body,: such as your chest or pelvic area. For example, you May Have abdominal pain if you have:

  • Severe menstrual cramps
  • Endometriosis
  • Muscle strain
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Tubal (ectopic) pregnancy
  • Urinary tract infections

Home Care
You can try the following home care steps to ease mild abdominal pain:

  • Sip water or other clear fluids. You May Have sports drinks in small Amounts. (People with diabetes must check blood sugar Often Their Their medicines and adjust as needed).
  • Avoid solid food for the first few hours.
  • If You Have Been vomiting, wait 6 hours, and then a small Amounts of mild eat foods Such as rice, applesauce, or crackers. Avoid dairy products.
  • If the pain is high up in your abdomen, and OCCURS after meals, antacids May help, Especially if you feel heartburn or indigestion. Avoid citrus, high-fat foods, fried or greasy foods, tomato products, caffeine, alcohol, and carbonated beverages.
  • Avoid medications aspirin, ibuprofen or other anti-inflammatory, and narcotic pain pills UNLESS your health care provider prescribes them. That you know if your pain is not related to your liver, you can try acetaminophen (Tylenol).

These additional steps may help prevent some types of abdominal pain:

  • Drink plenty of water each day.
  • Eat small meals more often.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Limit foods that produce gas.
  • Make sure your meals are well-balanced and high in fiber. Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.

When in contact with a medical professional
Seek medical attention immediately or call your number (like 911) Local emergency if you:

  • She is currently being treated for cancer
  • It is unable to pass stool, especially if you are also vomiting.
  • You are vomiting blood or have blood in your stool (especially if maroon or dark, sticky black)
  • He has chest, neck, or shoulder pain
  • It has sudden, sharp abdominal pain
  • Have pain in, or between the shoulder blades with nausea
  • Has tenderness in your stomach or belly is rigid and hard to the touch
  • You are pregnant or could be pregnant
  • He had a recent injury to his abdomen
  • Difficulty breathing

Call your doctor if you have:

  • Abdominal discomfort that lasts 1 week or more
  • Abdominal pain that does not improve within 24-48 hours, or becomes more severe and frequent and occur with nausea and vomiting
  • Bloating persists for more than 2 days
  • Burning sensation when urinating or frequent urination
  • Diarrhea for more than 5 days
  • Fever (over 100 ° F for adults or 100.4 ° F for children) with your pain
  • The prolonged lack of appetite
  • Prolonged vaginal bleeding
  • Unexplained weight loss
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